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hotels near summit nj

18 April 2022

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History of Summit New Jersey

Summit is a city in Union County, New Jersey, United States. At the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 21,457, reflecting an increase of 326 (+1.5%) from the 21,131 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,374 (+7.0%) from the 19,757 counted in the 1990 Census. Summit had the 16th-highest per capita income in the state as of the 2000 Census.

Summit was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1899, from portions of Springfield Township (now known as Summit), based on the results of a referendum held on April 4, 1899.

During the late nineteenth century, Summit served as a summer retreat for wealthy residents of New York City in search of fresh air and Proximity to nature. Weekenders or summer vacationers would reach Summit by train and relax at large hotels and smaller inns and guest houses. The Summit area was also a popular destination for tourists from both New York City and Philadelphia.

The present-day incarnation of Summit's downtown area emerged gradually over time as an active commercial center since Colonial times.

One of the most interesting parts about Summit is how it has evolved over the years.

The city was first inhabited by a tribe from the Raritan Nation, which was part of the Algonquin Nation.

In the 18th century, many settlers from Connecticut and New York came to Summit and began farming in what is now called "Summit Township."

In 1837, Summit Township broke away from New Providence Township and became its own town.

With that move, Summit Township became Union County's first town and played a pivotal role in establishing Union County as an independent entity (it had previously been part of Essex County).

In 1869, Summit got its first railroad link and several wealthy businessmen moved to the town. This led to Summit becoming a popular summer destination for people living in New York City who wanted to escape the heat.

In 1899, Summit Township changed its name to "Summit" and officially became a city of the first class.

Landmarks in Summit New Jersey

Overlook Hospital is a 500-bed hospital in Summit, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Atlantic Health System, which also includes Morristown Medical Center and Goryeb Children's Hospital. The Overlook name was previously associated with a hospital in Summit that was founded in 1899 and closed in 1979, before the new hospital opened.

Overlook Hospital opened on November 20, 1979 on a 47-acre campus. Groundbreaking for the hospital took place on March 22, 1977. The $46 million project was funded by a bond issue approved by voters in Summit and surrounding communities.

The hospital originally had 382 beds and approximately 1,000 employees. The new facility replaced an existing facility that was known as Overlook Hospital from 1899 to 1979. That hospital began as an 18-bed sanatorium for tuberculosis patients but expanded over the years to include other conditions such as heart disease and cancer. However, it was considered outdated by 1979 and its services were transferred to the new facility.

Memorial Field and the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch

Built in the early 1900s and located on Ashland Road in the heart of Summit, Memorial Field was originally built as a gift from the citizens of Summit to honor their soldiers who fought in World War I. Designed by noted architect Cass Gilbert and dedicated in 1921, the field also features the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch which honors Summit residents who fought in both World War I and II. Today, Memorial Field is owned by the City of Summit Recreation Department and features four tennis courts, a playground, picnic area with grills, a sand volleyball court, basketball courts and baseball fields.

Summit Historical Society

Established in 1930, this organization works to preserve local history through its collection of more than 8,000 artifacts. Located at 4 DeForest Avenue in downtown Summit, the society's headquarters also houses research materials such as maps, photographs, books and newspapers. Its museum annex is located at 19 Maple Street.